When we hear the word “game” we think in children and how they play, and it is true that games are extremely important during childhood, because they need it to grow emotionally balanced, among many other aspects, but adults can play games too, adults use games as a distressing element and to keep brain agile, there are many kind of games, board games, video games, tow truck games, mind-challenging games, etc.
Video games are extremely popular, there are many types, but all of them share the same feature, they have a display that helps to ease the human-machine interaction, these games are very entertaining and interesting due that feature, the last games released have amazing graphics full of details, they even use real people, like actors to give life to the game’s characters, they show amazing landscapes and sceneries created by computers with very competent teams of graphic designer.
There are many kinds of video games, and many ways to play them, we can use consoles with TV set, tablets, smartphones, portable devices, we can find very expensive games or free, they are at our reach, and there are a type of video games for every taste too, rol games, adventure, arcade, sci-fi, historical, romance, educational, etc.
Firsts video games in history
After the World War II, with the invention of cathode-ray tube amusement device, games came into a new era, there was a display using cathode ray tube which create an image on screen, during the year of 1952 scientists created OXO, a software program which simulated a tic-tac-toe game only available to be played in the University of Cambridge’s Mathematical Lab and Christopher Strachey’s draughts program, these were researches about human-computer interaction.
In 1958 was created the possible first video game just for entertainment, tennis for two, developed by the physicist Willy Higinbotham using an oscilloscope and an analog computer.
In 1962, Steve Russell, a student at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), creates Spacewar, the first interactive computer game.
In the decade of 1960 numerous games were created by programmers, but in 1967 the engineer Ralph Baer developed the brown box, a prototype of a console, which allowed to play tennis and other games using a television.
In 1971, Bill Pitts and Hugh Tuck developed a coin-operated computer game, Galaxy Game, at Stanford University.
In 1971 Computer Space becomes first video arcade game ever released, created by Nolan Bushnell and Ted Dabney.
In 1972, Magnavox’s Odyssey, the first home video game system, is showcased at a convention in Burlingame, CA, and is released to the public later that year.
In 1972 the world famous Pong was released, it was immensely commercially successful, selling over 8,000 units.
After that, some crucial moments were:
- 1974 Released Maze Wars, precursor of first-person shooter into labyrinth.
- 1980 Created Pac-Man for Atari.
- 1984 Created the extremely addictive Tetris.
- 1987 Created Legend of Zelda a legendary fantasy role playing game.
- 1990 Released Solitaire.